Twilio.AspNet.Core 6.0.0

.NET 5.0 .NET Standard 2.0
NuGet\Install-Package Twilio.AspNet.Core -Version 6.0.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
dotnet add package Twilio.AspNet.Core --version 6.0.0
<PackageReference Include="Twilio.AspNet.Core" Version="6.0.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add Twilio.AspNet.Core --version 6.0.0
#r "nuget: Twilio.AspNet.Core, 6.0.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive, C# scripting and .NET Interactive. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install Twilio.AspNet.Core as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=Twilio.AspNet.Core&version=6.0.0

// Install Twilio.AspNet.Core as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=Twilio.AspNet.Core&version=6.0.0

Twilio helper library for ASP.NET

Build

The Twilio helper library for ASP.NET (Twilio.AspNet), helps you integrate the official Twilio SDK for C# and .NET into your ASP.NET applications. The library supports ASP.NET MVC on .NET Framework and ASP.NET Core.

This library helps you respond to webhooks, adds the Twilio client to the dependency injection container, and validate HTTP request originate from Twilio.

Twilio.AspNet.Core

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Requirements

Requires .NET (Core) 2.0 or later.

Installation

Run the following command to install the package using the .NET CLI:

dotnet add package Twilio.AspNet.Core

Alternatively, from the Package Manager Console or Developer PowerShell, run the following command to install the latest version:

Install-Package Twilio.AspNet.Core

Alternatively, use the NuGet Package Manager for Visual Studio or the NuGet window for JetBrains Rider, then search for Twilio.AspNet.Core and install the package.

Twilio.AspNet.Mvc

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Requirements

Requires .NET 4.6.2 or later.

Installation

From the Package Manager Console or Developer PowerShell, run the following command to install the latest version:

Install-Package Twilio.AspNet.Mvc

Alternatively, use the NuGet Package Manager for Visual Studio or the NuGet window for JetBrains Rider, then search for Twilio.AspNet.Mvc and install the package.

Code Samples for either Library

Incoming SMS

using Twilio.AspNet.Common;
using Twilio.AspNet.Core; // or .Mvc for .NET Framework
using Twilio.TwiML;

public class SmsController : TwilioController
{
    // GET: Sms
    public TwiMLResult Index(SmsRequest request)
    {
        var response = new MessagingResponse();
        response.Message($"Ahoy {request.From}!");
        return TwiML(response);
    }
}

This controller will handle the SMS webhook. The details of the incoming SMS will be bound to the SmsRequest request parameter. By inheriting from the TwilioController, you get access to the TwiML method which you can use to respond with TwiML.

Incoming Voice Call

using Twilio.AspNet.Common;
using Twilio.AspNet.Core; // or .Mvc for .NET Framework
using Twilio.TwiML;

public class VoiceController : TwilioController
{
    // GET: Voice
    public TwiMLResult Index(VoiceRequest request)
    {
        var response = new VoiceResponse();
        response.Say($"Ahoy! Are you from {request.FromCity}?");
        return TwiML(response);
    }
}

This controller will handle the Voice webhook. The details of the incoming voice call will be bound to the VoiceRequest request parameter. By inheriting from the TwilioController, you get access to the TwiML method which you can use to respond with TwiML.

Using TwiML extension methods instead of inheriting from TwilioController

If you can't inherit from the TwilioController class, you can use the TwiML extension methods.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc; // or System.Web.Mvc for .NET Framework
using Twilio.AspNet.Common;
using Twilio.AspNet.Core; // or .Mvc for .NET Framework
using Twilio.TwiML;

public class SmsController : Controller
{
    // GET: Sms
    public TwiMLResult Index(SmsRequest request)
    {
        var response = new MessagingResponse();
        response.Message($"Ahoy {request.From}!");
        return this.TwiML(response);
    }
}

This sample is the same as the previous SMS webhook sample, but instead of inheriting from TwilioController, the SmsController inherits from the ASP.NET MVC provided Controller, and uses this.TwiML to use the TwiML extension method.

Minimal API

Twilio.AspNet.Core also has support for Minimal APIs.

This sample shows you how you can hande an SMS webhook using HTTP GET and POST.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Twilio.AspNet.Core.MinimalApi;
using Twilio.TwiML;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);
var app = builder.Build();

app.MapGet("/sms", ([FromQuery] string from) =>
{
    var response = new MessagingResponse();
    response.Message($"Ahoy {from}!");
    return Results.Extensions.TwiML(response);
});

app.MapPost("/sms", async (HttpRequest request) =>
{
    var form = await request.ReadFormAsync();
    var from = form["from"];
    response.Message($"Ahoy {from}!");
    return Results.Extensions.TwiML(response);
});

app.Run();

In traditional MVC controllers, the SmsRequest, VoiceRequest, and other typed request object would be bound, but Minimal APIs does not support the same model binding.

Instead, you can bind individual parameters for HTTP GET requests using the FromQuery attribute. When you don't specify the FromQuery attribute, multiple sources will be considered to bind from in addition to the query string parameters. For HTTP POST requests you can grab the form and then retrieve individual parameters by string index.
To respond with TwiML, use the Results.Extensions.TwiML method.

Model Bind webhook requests to typed .NET objects

Twilio.AspNet comes with multiple classes to help you bind the data from webhooks to strongly typed .NET objects. Here's the list of classes:

  • SmsRequest: Holds data for incoming SMS webhook requests
  • SmsStatusCallbackRequest: Holds data for tracking the delivery status of an outbound Twilio SMS or MMS
  • StatusCallbackRequest: Holds data for tracking the status of an outbound Twilio Voice Call
  • VoiceRequest: Holds data for incoming Voice Calls

Note Only MVC Controllers and Razor Pages support model binding to typed .NET objects. In Minimal APIs and other scenarios, you'll have to write code to extract the parameters yourself.

The following sample shows how to accept inbound SMS, respond, and track the status of the SMS response.

using Twilio.AspNet.Common;
using Twilio.AspNet.Core; // or .Mvc for .NET Framework
using Twilio.TwiML;

public class SmsController : TwilioController
{
    private readonly ILogger<SmsController> logger;

    public SmsController(ILogger<SmsController> logger)
    {
        this.logger = logger;
    }

    public TwiMLResult Index(SmsRequest request)
    {
        var messagingResponse = new MessagingResponse();
        messagingResponse.Message(
            body: $"Ahoy {request.From}!",
            action: new Uri("/Sms/StatusCallback"),
            method: Twilio.Http.HttpMethod.Post
        );
        return TwiML(messagingResponse);
    }

    public void StatusCallback(SmsStatusCallbackRequest request)
    {
        logger.LogInformation("SMS Status: {Status}", request.MessageStatus);
    }
}

As shown in the sample above, you can add an SmsRequest as a parameter, and MVC will bind the object for you. The code then responds with an SMS with the status and method parameter. When the status of the SMS changes, Twilio will send an HTTP POST request to StatusCallback action. You can add an SmsStatusCallbackRequest as a parameter, and MVC will bind the object for you.

Add the Twilio client to the ASP.NET Core dependency injection container

In ASP.NET Core, you can add the Twilio REST API client to ASP.NET Core's service using the .AddTwilioClient method, like this:

using Twilio.AspNet.Core;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

builder.Services.AddTwilioClient()

Now you can request ITwilioRestClient and TwilioRestClient via dependency injection.

You can configure the Twilio client using the following configuration:

{
  "Twilio": {
    "AuthToken": "[YOUR_AUTH_TOKEN]",
    "Client": {
      "AccountSid": "[YOUR_ACCOUNT_SID]",
      "AuthToken": "[YOUR_AUTH_TOKEN]",
      "ApiKeySid": "[YOUR_API_KEY_SID]",
      "ApiKeySecret": "[YOUR_API_KEY_SECRET]",
      "CredentialType": "[Unspecified|AuthToken|ApiKey]",
      "Region": null,
      "Edge": null,
      "LogLevel": null
    }
  }
}

A couple of notes:

  • Twilio:Client:AuthToken falls back on Twilio:AuthToken. You only need to configure one of them.
  • Twilio:Client:CredentialType has the following valid values: Unspecified, AuthToken, or ApiKey
  • Twilio:Client:CredentialType is optional and defaults to Unspecified. If Unspecified, whether you configured an API key or an Auth Token will be detected.

If you do not wish to configure the Twilio client using .NET configuration, you can do so manually:

using Twilio.AspNet.Core;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

builder.Services
  .AddTwilioClient((serviceProvider, options) =>
  {
    options.AccountSid = "[YOUR_ACCOUNT_SID]";
    options.AuthToken = "[YOUR_AUTH_TOKEN]";
    options.ApiKeySid = "[YOUR_API_KEY_SID]";
    options.ApiKeySecret = "[YOUR_API_KEY_SECRET]";
    options.Edge = null;
    options.Region = null;
    options.LogLevel = null;
    options.CredentialType = CredentialType.Unspecified;
  });

Warning Do not hard-code your Auth Token or API key secret into code and do not check them into source control. We recommend using the Secrets Manager for local development. Alternatively, you can use environment variables, a vault service, or other more secure techniques.

Use your own HTTP client

By default when you call .AddTwilioClient, an HTTP client factory is configured that is used to provide an HttpClient to the Twilio REST client. If you'd like to provide your own HTTP client, you can do so by providing a callback like this:

```csharp
using Twilio.AspNet.Core;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

builder.Services.AddTwilioClient(provider => new HttpClient())

Validate Twilio HTTP requests

Webhooks require your endpoint to be publicly available, but this also introduces the risk that bad actors could find your webhook URL and try to abuse it.

Luckily, you can verify that an HTTP request originated from Twilio. The Twilio.AspNet library provides an attribute that will validate the request for you in MVC. The implementation differs between the Twilio.AspNet.Core and Twilio.AspNet.Mvc library.

Validate requests in ASP.NET Core MVC

Add the .AddTwilioRequestValidation method at startup:

using Twilio.AspNet.Core;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

builder.Services.AddTwilioRequestValidation();

Then configure the request validation:

{
  "Twilio": {
    "AuthToken": "[YOUR_AUTH_TOKEN]",
    "RequestValidation": {
      "AuthToken": "[YOUR_AUTH_TOKEN]",
      "AllowLocal": true,
      "BaseUrlOverride": "https://??????.ngrok.io"
    }
  }
}

A couple of notes about the configuration:

  • Twilio:RequestValidation:AuthToken falls back on Twilio:AuthToken. You only need to configure one of them.
  • AllowLocal will skip validation when the HTTP request originated from localhost.
  • Use BaseUrlOverride in case your app is behind a reverse proxy or a tunnel like ngrok. The path of the current request will be appended to the BaseUrlOverride for request validation.

You can also manually configure the request validation:

using Twilio.AspNet.Core;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

builder.Services
  .AddTwilioRequestValidation((serviceProvider, options) =>
  {
    options.AuthToken = "[YOUR_AUTH_TOKEN]";
    options.AllowLocal = true;
    options.BaseUrlOverride = "https://??????.ngrok.io";
  });

Warning Do not hard-code your Auth Token into code and do not check them into source control. We recommend using the Secrets Manager for local development. Alternatively, you can use environment variables, a vault service, or other more secure techniques.

Now that request validation has been configured, use the [ValidateRequest] attribute. You can apply the attribute globally, to MVC areas, controllers, and actions. Here's an example where the attribute is applied to the Index action:

using Twilio.AspNet.Common;
using Twilio.AspNet.Core;
using Twilio.TwiML;

public class SmsController : TwilioController
{
    [ValidateRequest]
    public TwiMLResult Index(SmsRequest request)
    {
        var response = new MessagingResponse();
        response.Message("Ahoy!");
        return TwiML(response);
    }
}
Validate requests in ASP.NET MVC on .NET Framework

In your Web.config you can configure request validation like shown below:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
    <configSections>
      <sectionGroup name="twilio" type="Twilio.AspNet.Mvc.TwilioSectionGroup,Twilio.AspNet.Mvc">
        <section name="requestValidation" type="Twilio.AspNet.Mvc.RequestValidationConfigurationSection,Twilio.AspNet.Mvc"/>
      </sectionGroup>
    </configSections>
    <twilio>
       <requestValidation 
         authToken="your auth token here"
         baseUrlOverride="https://??????.ngrok.io"
         allowLocal="true"
       />
    </twilio>
</configuration>

You can also configure request validation using app settings:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
    <appSettings>
      <add key="twilio:requestValidation:authToken" value="[YOUR_AUTH_TOKEN]"/>
      <add key="twilio:requestValidation:baseUrlOverride" value="https://??????.ngrok.io"/>
      <add key="twilio:requestValidation:allowLocal" value="true"/>
    </appSettings>
</configuration>

If you configure request validation using both ways, app setting will overwrite the twilio/requestValidation configuration element.

A couple of notes about the configuration:

  • allowLocal will skip validation when the HTTP request originated from localhost.
  • Use baseUrlOverride in case you are in front of a reverse proxy or a tunnel like ngrok. The path of the current request will be appended to the baseUrlOverride for request validation.

Warning Do not hard-code your Auth Token into code and do not check them into source control. Use the UserSecretsConfigBuilder for local development or one of the other configuration builders. Alternatively, you should encrypt the configuration sections containing secrets like the Auth Token.

Now that request validation has been configured, use the [ValidateRequest] attribute. You can apply the attribute globally, to MVC areas, controllers, and actions. Here's an example where the attribute is applied to the Index action:

using Twilio.AspNet.Common;
using Twilio.AspNet.Mvc;
using Twilio.TwiML;

public class SmsController : TwilioController
{
    [ValidateRequest]
    public TwiMLResult Index(SmsRequest request)
    {
        var response = new MessagingResponse();
        response.Message("Ahoy!");
        return TwiML(response);
    }
}
Validate requests outside of MVC

The [ValidateRequest] attribute only works for MVC. If you need to validate requests outside of MVC, you can use the RequestValidationHelper class provided by Twilio.AspNet. Alternatively, the RequestValidator class from the Twilio SDK can also help you with this.

Product Versions
.NET net5.0 net5.0-windows net6.0 net6.0-android net6.0-ios net6.0-maccatalyst net6.0-macos net6.0-tvos net6.0-windows
.NET Core netcoreapp2.0 netcoreapp2.1 netcoreapp2.2 netcoreapp3.0 netcoreapp3.1
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.NET Framework net461 net462 net463 net47 net471 net472 net48
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Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages (7)

Showing the top 5 NuGet packages that depend on Twilio.AspNet.Core:

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BlueBox.Core

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📲 SMS services

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GitHub repositories (1)

Showing the top 1 popular GitHub repositories that depend on Twilio.AspNet.Core:

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meteatamel/knative-tutorial
A collection of samples for Knative Serving, Knative Eventing and Knative-GCP projects.
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6.0.0 22,937 8/5/2022
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