MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey 7.0.0

.NET 7.0
dotnet add package MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey --version 7.0.0
NuGet\Install-Package MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey -Version 7.0.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey" Version="7.0.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey --version 7.0.0
#r "nuget: MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey, 7.0.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive, C# scripting and .NET Interactive. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey&version=7.0.0

// Install MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey&version=7.0.0

AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey

Easy to use and very light weight Microsoft style API Key Authentication Implementation for ASP.NET Core. It can be setup so that it can accept API Key either in Header, Authorization Header, QueryParams or HeaderOrQueryParams.

View On GitHub

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Installing

This library is published on NuGet. So the NuGet package can be installed directly to your project if you wish to use it without making any custom changes to the code.

Download directly from MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey.

Or by running the below command on your project.

PM> Install-Package MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey

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Example Usage

Samples are available under samples directory.

Setting it up is quite simple. You will need basic working knowledge of ASP.NET Core 2.0 or newer to get started using this library.

There are 3 different ways of using this library to do it's job. All ways can be mixed if required.

  1. Using the implementation of IApiKeyAuthenticationService
  2. Using ApiKeyOptions.Events (OnValidateKey delegate) which is same approach you will find on Microsoft's authentication libraries
  3. Using an implementation of IApiKeyAuthenticationServiceFactory that is registered in the IServiceCollection

Notes:

  • It requires Realm to be set in the options if SuppressWWWAuthenticateHeader is not set.
  • If an implementation of IApiKeyAuthenticationService interface is used as well as options.Events.OnValidateKey delegate is also set then this delegate will be used first.
  • If an implementation of IApiKeyAuthenticationServiceFactory interface is registered in the IServiceCollection the IApiKeyProvider instances are tried to be created using the factory, but if no instance is returned by the factory the fallback is to use the configured IApiKeyAuthenticationService implementation type.

Always use HTTPS (SSL Certificate) protocol in production when using API Key authentication.

Configuration
using AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey;

public class Startup
{
	public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
	{
		// It requires Realm to be set in the options if SuppressWWWAuthenticateHeader is not set.
		// If an implementation of IApiKeyProvider interface is used as well as options.Events.OnValidateKey delegate is also set then this delegate will be used first.

		services.AddAuthentication(ApiKeyDefaults.AuthenticationScheme)

			// The below AddApiKeyInHeaderOrQueryParams without type parameter will require options.Events.OnValidateKey delegete to be set.
			//.AddApiKeyInHeaderOrQueryParams(options =>

			// The below AddApiKeyInHeaderOrQueryParams with type parameter will add the ApiKeyProvider to the dependency container. 
			.AddApiKeyInHeaderOrQueryParams<ApiKeyAuthenticationService>(options =>
			{
				options.Realm = "Sample Web API";
				options.KeyName = "X-API-KEY";
			});

		services.AddControllers();

		//// By default, authentication is not challenged for every request which is ASP.NET Core's default intended behaviour.
		//// So to challenge authentication for every requests please use below FallbackPolicy option.
		//services.AddAuthorization(options =>
		//{
		//	options.FallbackPolicy = new AuthorizationPolicyBuilder().RequireAuthenticatedUser().Build();
		//});
	}

	public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env)
	{
		app.UseHttpsRedirection();

		// The below order of pipeline chain is important!
		app.UseRouting();

		app.UseAuthentication();
		app.UseAuthorization();

		app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>
		{
			endpoints.MapControllers();
		});
	}
}
ApiKeyAuthenticationService.cs
using AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey;

public class ApiKeyAuthenticationService : IApiKeyAuthenticationService
{
	private readonly ILogger<ApiKeyAuthenticationService> _logger;
	private readonly IApiKeyRepository _apiKeyRepository;
	
	public ApiKeyProvider(ILogger<ApiKeyAuthenticationService> logger, IApiKeyRepository apiKeyRepository)
	{
		_logger = logger;
		_apiKeyRepository = apiKeyRepository;
	}

	public async Task<IApiKey> AuthenticateAsync(string key)
	{
		try
		{
			// NOTE: DO NOT USE THIS IMPLEMENTATION. THIS IS FOR DEMO PURPOSE ONLY
			// write your validation implementation here and return an instance of a valid ApiKey or retun null for an invalid key.
			// return await _apiKeyRepository.GetApiKeyAsync(key);
			return null;
		}
		catch (System.Exception exception)
		{
			_logger.LogError(exception, exception.Message);
			throw;
		}
	}
}
ApiKey.cs
using AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey;

public class ApiKey : IApiKey
{
	public ApiKey(string key, string owner, List<Claim> claims = null)
	{
		Key = key;
		OwnerName = owner;
		Claims = claims ?? new List<Claim>();
	}

	public string Key { get; }
	public string OwnerName { get; }
	public IReadOnlyCollection<Claim> Claims { get; }
}

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Configuration (ApiKeyOptions)

KeyName

Required to be set. It is the name of the header if it is setup as in header or the name of the query parameter if set as in query_params.

Realm

Required to be set if SuppressWWWAuthenticateHeader is not set to true. It is used with WWW-Authenticate response header when challenging un-authenticated requests.

SuppressWWWAuthenticateHeader

Default value is false.
If set to true, it will NOT return WWW-Authenticate response header when challenging un-authenticated requests.
If set to false, it will return WWW-Authenticate response header when challenging un-authenticated requests.

IgnoreAuthenticationIfAllowAnonymous (available on ASP.NET Core 3.0 onwards)

Default value is false.
If set to true, it checks if AllowAnonymous filter on controller action or metadata on the endpoint which, if found, it does not try to authenticate the request.

ForLegacyIgnoreExtraValidatedApiKeyCheck

Default value is false. If set to true, IApiKey.Key property returned from IApiKeyProvider.ProvideAsync(string) method is not compared with the key parsed from the request. This extra check did not existed in the previous version. So you if want to revert back to old version validation, please set this to true.

ForLegacyUseKeyNameAsSchemeNameOnWWWAuthenticateHeader

Default value is false. If set to true, value of KeyName property is used as scheme name on the WWW-Authenticate response header when challenging un-authenticated requests. If set to false, the authentication scheme name (set when setting up authentication on authentication builder) is used as scheme name on the WWW-Authenticate response header when challenging un-authenticated requests.

Events

The object provided by the application to process events raised by the api key authentication middleware.
The application may implement the interface fully, or it may create an instance of ApiKeyEvents and assign delegates only to the events it wants to process.

  • OnValidateKey

    A delegate assigned to this property will be invoked just before validating the api key.
    You must provide a delegate for this property for authentication to occur.
    In your delegate you should either call context.ValidationSucceeded() which will handle construction of authentication claims principal from the api key which will be assiged the context.Principal property and calls context.Success(), or construct an authentication claims principal from the api key and assign it to the context.Principal property and finally call context.Success() method.
    If only context.Principal property set without calling context.Success() method then, Success() method is automaticalled called.

  • OnAuthenticationSucceeded

    A delegate assigned to this property will be invoked when the authentication succeeds. It will not be called if OnValidateKey delegate is assigned.
    It can be used for adding claims, headers, etc to the response.

  • OnAuthenticationFailed

    A delegate assigned to this property will be invoked when any unexpected exception is thrown within the library.

  • OnHandleChallenge

    A delegate assigned to this property will be invoked before a challenge is sent back to the caller when handling unauthorized response.
    Only use this if you know what you are doing and if you want to use custom implementation. Set the delegate to deal with 401 challenge concerns, if an authentication scheme in question deals an authentication interaction as part of it's request flow. (like adding a response header, or changing the 401 result to 302 of a login page or external sign-in location.)
    Call context.Handled() at the end so that any default logic for this challenge will be skipped.

  • OnHandleForbidden

    A delegate assigned to this property will be invoked if Authorization fails and results in a Forbidden response.
    Only use this if you know what you are doing and if you want to use custom implementation.
    Set the delegate to handle Forbid.
    Call context.Handled() at the end so that any default logic will be skipped.

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Extension Methods

Many overloads for each of the below are available to follow the same convension as Microsoft follows.

AddApiKeyInHeader

Adds ApiKey authentication which can handle the api key in the Header.
WWW-Authenticate challenge header will contain parameter in="header".

AddApiKeyInAuthorizationHeader

Adds ApiKey authentication which can handle the api key in the Authorization Header.
WWW-Authenticate challenge header will contain parameter in="authorization_header".

AddApiKeyInQueryParams

Adds ApiKey authentication which can handle the api key in the url query paramter.
WWW-Authenticate challenge header will contain parameter in="query_params".

AddApiKeyInHeaderOrQueryParams

Adds ApiKey authentication which can handle the api key in the either Header, Authorization Header or Query Parameter.
WWW-Authenticate challenge header will contain parameter in="header_or_query_params".

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WWW-Authenticate Header

The WWW-Authenticate header returned for unauthorized requests.

WWW-Authenticate: <SCHEME_NAME> realm="<REALM>", charset="UTF-8", in="<IN_PARAMERTER>", key_name="<KEY_NAME>"  

where,

  • <SCHEME_NAME> == The authentication scheme name. But, if ApiKeyOptions.ForLegacyUseKeyNameAsSchemeNameOnWWWAuthenticateHeader is set to true then it will be ApiKeyOptions.KeyName

  • <REALM> == ApiKeyOptions.Realm

  • <IN_PARAMERTER> == Depending on the extension method used, it could be either of header, authorization_header, query_params, header_or_query_params

  • <KEY_NAME> == ApiKeyOptions.KeyName

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Additional Notes

API Key Authentication Not Challenged

With ASP.NET Core, all the requests are not challenged for authentication by default. So don't worry if your ApiKeyProvider or OnValidateKey is not hit when you don't pass the required api key authentication details with the request. It is a normal behaviour. ASP.NET Core challenges authentication only when it is specifically told to do so either by decorating controller/method with [Authorize] filter attribute or by some other means.

However, if you want all the requests to challenge authentication by default, depending on what you are using, you can add the below options line to ConfigureServices method on Startup class.

// On ASP.NET Core 3.0 onwards
services.AddAuthorization(options =>
{
    options.FallbackPolicy = new AuthorizationPolicyBuilder().RequireAuthenticatedUser().Build();
});

// OR

// On ASP.NET Core 2.0 onwards
services.AddMvc(options => 
{
    options.Filters.Add(new AuthorizeFilter(new AuthorizationPolicyBuilder().RequireAuthenticatedUser().Build()));
});

If you are not using MVC but, using Endpoints on ASP.NET Core 3.0 or newer, you can add a chain method .RequireAuthorization() to the endpoint map under Configure method on Startup class as shown below.

// ASP.NET Core 3.0 onwards
app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>
{
    endpoints.MapGet("/", async context =>
    {
        await context.Response.WriteAsync("Hello World!");
    }).RequireAuthorization();  // NOTE THIS HERE!!!! 
});

Multiple Authentication Schemes

ASP.NET Core supports adding multiple authentication schemes which this library also supports. Just need to use the extension method which takes scheme name as parameter. The rest is all same. This can be achieved in many different ways. Below is just a quick rough example. Also refer to this conversation here.

Please note that scheme name parameter can be any string you want.

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
	services.AddTransient<IApiKeyRepository, InMemoryApiKeyRepository>();

	services.AddAuthentication("InHeader")
				
		.AddApiKeyInHeader<ApiKeyProvider>("InHeader", options =>
		{
			options.Realm = "Sample Web API";
			options.KeyName = "X-API-KEY";
		})

		.AddApiKeyInQueryParams<ApiKeyProvider_2>("InQueryParams", options =>
		{
			options.Realm = "Sample Web API";
			options.KeyName = "key";
		})

		.AddApiKeyInAuthorizationHeader("XYZ", options =>
		{
			options.Realm = "Sample Web API";
			options.KeyName = "APIKEY";
			options.Events = new ApiKeyEvents
			{
				OnValidateKey = async context =>
				{
					var apiKeyRepository = context.HttpContext.RequestServices.GetRequiredService<IApiKeyRepository>();
					var apiKeyObj = await apiKeyRepository.GetApiKeyAsync(context.ApiKey);
					if (apiKeyObj != null)
					{
						context.ValidationSucceeded(apiKeyObj.Claims);
					}
					else
					{
						context.ValidationFailed();
					}
				}
			};
		});

	services.AddAuthorization(options =>
	{
		options.FallbackPolicy = new AuthorizationPolicyBuilder("InHeader", "InQueryParams","XYZ")
			.RequireAuthenticatedUser()
			.Build();
	});
}

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References

Product Versions
.NET net7.0 net7.0-android net7.0-ios net7.0-maccatalyst net7.0-macos net7.0-tvos net7.0-windows
Compatible target framework(s)
Additional computed target framework(s)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.
  • net7.0

    • No dependencies.

NuGet packages (1)

Showing the top 1 NuGet packages that depend on MadEyeMatt.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey:

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Fluxera.Extensions.Hosting.Modules.AspNetCore.Authentication.ApiKey The ID prefix of this package has been reserved for one of the owners of this package by NuGet.org.

A module that enables ApiKey authentication for ASP.NET Core.

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7.0.0 62 11/20/2022
6.3.0 171 10/12/2022
6.2.2 917 4/29/2022