dotnet add package Covarsky --version 1.4.2
NuGet\Install-Package Covarsky -Version 1.4.2
<PackageReference Include="Covarsky" Version="1.4.2"> <PrivateAssets>all</PrivateAssets> <IncludeAssets>runtime; build; native; contentfiles; analyzers</IncludeAssets> </PackageReference>
paket add Covarsky --version 1.4.2
#r "nuget: Covarsky, 1.4.2"
// Install Covarsky as a Cake Addin #addin nuget:?package=Covarsky&version=1.4.2 // Install Covarsky as a Cake Tool #tool nuget:?package=Covarsky&version=1.4.2
Covarsky is a tool that brings co(ntra)variant types to F# or any other .ΝΕΤ language that does not natively support them. Powered by Sigourney, it runs an MSBuild task that modifies assemblies after compilation.
How to use
CovarskyNuGet package to your project.
Create a new source file with two (or one, if you only need one kind of variance) attributes like that (F# example shown):
namespace global open System [<AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.GenericParameter)>] type internal CovariantOutAttribute() = inherit Attribute() [<AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.GenericParameter)>] type internal ContravariantInAttribute() = inherit Attribute()
Warning: The attributes must be declared in the global namespace, directly derive from the
Attributeclass and be internal.
- You are good to go! Let's see an example.
type MyType<[<CovariantOut>] 'T> = abstract GetObject: unit -> 'T // [...] let cast (x: MyType<string>): MyType<obj> = unbox x
As you have seen, we have to perform manual type casts using
unbox because F# does not recognize that
'T is covariant.
Using custom attribute names
If for any reason you want to customize the attribute names Covarsky will recognize, you can do it by specifying it in your project file:
<PropertyGroup> <CustomInAttributeName>MyLibrary.MakeItContravariantPleaseAttribute</CustomInAttributeName> <CustomOutAttributeName>MyLibrary.MakeItCovariantPleaseAttribute</CustomOutAttributeName> </PropertyGroup>
As you see, fully qualified names are accepted. The attribute classes however still have to be internal and belong to the same assembly.
Since version 1.3.0 Covarsky is enabled by default when you install the package. If for any reason you want to disable it you can do it with the following property:
<PropertyGroup> <CovarskyEnable>false</CovarskyEnable> </PropertyGroup>
After Covarsky's execution, the two attributes will not be removed.Since version 1.4.0 the attributes will be removed from the generic parameters, allowing them to be trimmed by the IL Linker. User code should not rely on their existence.
These two attributes will be ignored if used anywhere but in the generic parameters of an interface or a delegate.
Using these two attributes in a generic parameter that is already co(ntra)variant will raise a warning but will be ignored as well.
Using both attributes on the same generic parameter will raise an error and fail the build (unless something above hasn't already happened).
Using the attributes in any other wrong way (such as a contravariant interface with a method that returns the generic type) will not be checked by Covarsky and may break your assembly.
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.
- Sigourney.Build (>= 0.4.1)
This package is not used by any NuGet packages.
This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.
Covarsky was updated to use Sigourney 0.4.1. There are no user-visible changes.